Older adults who have sleep apnea and who are excessively sleepy in the daytime may have more than twice the risk of death as people who do not have both conditions, new research suggests.

Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk of stroke in middle-aged and older adults, especially men, according to new results from a landmark study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health.Sleep apnea may cause metabolic changes that increase insulin resistance (Sciencedaily 18/05/10)People with the severe form of a disorder that interferes with sleep are several times more likely to die from any cause than are folks without apnea, researchers report in the latest edition of the journal Sleep.The findings in the 18-year study confirm smaller studies that have indicated an increased risk of death for people with sleep apnea, also known as sleep-disordered breathing.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleepiness rapidly return when patients stop using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines, a new study finds.CPAP is a common treatment for OSA patients, whose breathing is interrupted many times during sleep due to the repeated blockage of the upper airway. CPAP keeps the airway open by pumping a continuous stream of air through a mask or nose piece the patient wears while sleeping.

Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea is characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse and obstruction during sleep. These episodes of obstruction are associated with recurrent oxyhemoglobin desaturation and arousals from sleep.Obstructive sleep apnea generally is treated with a device that provides a steady stream of air through a mask that is worn at night during sleep. This is known as CPAP therapy

People who have obstructive sleep apnea - when a person stops breathing for periods during sleep - have a greater risk of sudden cardiac death, according to a study published online today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Chinese Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine did a research about this,Thirty cases with OSAHS were treated with acupuncture at Shanglianquan (Extra), Fengfu (GV 16), Yamen (GV 15), Fengchi (GB 20), etc. 3-5 sessions each week. After treatment of 30 sessions,they concluded:The acupuncture treatment has intervenient effect on OSAHS and alleviates anoxia, so acupuncture is one of therapies improving anoxia in patients of OSAHS.
Reference:Xu J, Niu YX, Piao XM, Liu Z, Wu LZ, Liang RL.Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009 Jan;29(1):84-6

Acupuncture reduces nocturnal respiratory events and sleep disruptions. Researchers say that its anti-inflammatory effects make it an effective sleep disorder treatment.They say that the neck is the main acupuncture point for people with sleep apnea. One of the main symptoms of sleep apnea is gasping for breath during sleep. The neck stimulates a muscle that allows for easy air flow, resulting in better breathing for the sleep apnea sufferer.Still, the study needs further research to solidify its claims.

An eye disorder called floppy eyelid syndrome is strongly associated with obstructive sleep apnea, a new study finds.

This means that when doctors diagnose one condition in a patient they should also look for the other, said the researchers at the Moorfields Eye Hospital in London.

Obstructive sleep apnoea has a prevalence of 0.7% to 1.8% in the paediatric population

The condition can be difficult to diagnose clinically

Even mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnoea can result in adverse neurobehavioural consequences and negatively affect quality of life

Adenotonsillectomy is an effective treatment in most uncomplicated cases

More complex cases need management by paediatric and ear, nose, and throat teams in hospitals with appropriate support facilities

OSA can reduce a child’s IQ by as many as 10 points, while treatment in children with OSA can improve grades.

The theory behind the new trial is that normal levels of vitamin D — most of our intake comes from exposure to sun — are necessary for muscles to function normally, and that increased levels could prevent the lining of the throat from collapsing.
In the 80-patient, 32-day French trial at the University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, patients with sleep apnoea and low levels of vitamin D are being given the supplement or a placebo.

Link question:

Can acupuncture help with chronic snoring?

Acupuncture has not been formally recognized as a treatment for snoring. However, some information suggests that if your husband’s snoring is due to nasal congestion from seasonal or chronic allergies, acupuncture might help. How it works isn’t clear, though it appears to help decrease the amount of nasal mucus present, allowing for improved air flow through the nose and throat. As a result, there’s less tissue vibration and a lower risk for snoring.

Understand, though, that acupuncture doesn’t work for everyone and that even though it appears to help with nasal congestion, it’s not a proven treatment. Acupuncture may work best when used in conjunction with Western medicinal approaches, such as allergy shots and decongestants.

The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, scientists recruited a group of people with obstructive sleep apnea and split them into two groups. One was trained to do breathing exercises daily, while the other did 30 minutes of throat exercises, including swallowing and chewing motions, placing the tip of the tongue against the front of the palate and sliding it back, and pronouncing certain vowels quickly and continuously.

After three months, subjects who did the throat exercises snored less, slept better and reduced the severity of their condition by 39 percent. They also showed reductions in neck circumference, a known risk factor for apnea. The control group showed almost no improvement.

ScienceDaily (June 14, 2010) — Doctors have long known that snoring is hazardous to health for a number of reasons. In addition to restless nights and increased daytime sleepiness, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has a series of associated health problems, including increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While it is not always clear what the association between SDB and a given health problem is, new research exposes that at least one factor may help to explain the increased risk of cardiovascular problems that affects even people with mild to moderate SDB.

New research:Immediate effect of acupuncture on the sleep pattern of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea

Sleep Apnea Linked to Cognitive Difficulties and Deficits in Gray Matter

Persons With Sleep Apnea Have Twice the Risk of Suffering a Stroke

ScienceDaily (Nov. 2, 2011) — Eating a Mediterranean diet combined with physical activity can help to improve some of the symptoms of sleep apnea, according to new research. The study, which is published online in the European Respiratory Journal, looked at the impact a Mediterranean diet can have on obese people with sleep apnea, compared to those on a prudent diet.